Yellow baboon (Papio cynocephalus) is an old world monkey inhabiting open woodlands and grasslands of Africa south of the Sahara, and some mountain areas of this desert.
Their bodies attain a length of 50-120 cm and a weight of 15-30 kg. After a gestation lasting 173-193 days, the female gives birth to one young.
Although it is not classified as a species directly threatened with extinction, its population size is falling fast. Apparently, only 100 years ago there were more yellow baboons living in Africa than people. Today, this proportion has been reversed, and is even deepening to the disadvantage of the monkeys. In some countries, they are considered as pests and killed off, and yet they are one of the most intelligent creatures in the world! Did you know that they can acquire spelling skills?
In order to stop the declining population of yellow baboons, they have been listed in Annex II to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).
“Monkeys are nimble and like to jump. Monkeys like monkey tricks and fun. Just look at the yellow baboon, and it will monkey around soon!” I think everyone remembers this childhood poem by Jan Brzechwa, and hence this probably also explains the high popularity of this species among the visitors. However, that is not the only reason... they lead ground and gregarious lifestyle, so one can watch them for hours as they hold talks with each other, argue and reconcile.
In our zoo, they live on the run next to the monkey-house.